Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God (James 4:1-4). Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come. If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Sometimes it is not help that is needed, but admonition. Here, the outcome is an unhindered prayer life of the husband and wife. The principles of Romans 14 apply as much to husbands and wives as they do to anyone else in the church. I The “weakness” of the wife is the context for the husband’s servanthood. Here, the husband is called upon to submit to one under his authority. The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain. Whether liberal or conservative, Jewish religious leaders had a much lower view of marriage than our Lord. For example, William Barclay cites Bigg: “As Bigg puts it: ‘The sighs of the injured wife come between the husband’s prayers and God’s hearing.’” William Barclay, The Letters of James and Peter (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, [rev. First, it is my conviction that the text is best explained and applied as rendered in its most strictly literal fashion. Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord. 98 Every student of this text must answer several crucial questions before its interpretation and application can be discerned. Likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. See Romans 5:1-11; 8:18-25; 2 Corinthians 4 and 5; Philippians. In all their life together, and particularly in their sexual union, the husband is to relate to his wife ‘according to knowledge’.” Edmund Clowney, The Message of 1 Peter (Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press), 1988. As Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers, The Glory of Suffering--Studies in 1 Peter. These Bible verses can help save your broken marriage, with the work of … ‣ Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brothers to dwell together in unity! This is why Paul urged those who were single to seriously contemplate staying single, and why he instructed those who are married to live as though they are not. 25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her; 26 that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, 27 that He might present to Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she should be holy and blameless. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. If we are to understand and obey Peter’s teaching we must first understand what Peter means when he refers to the woman as the weaker vessel. The husband does have authority over his wife’s body, but so also the wife has authority over his body. 4 You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Marriage is to be a human object lesson of the divine relationship between Christ and believers. For the wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does. God has called you to peace. Having looked up every use of this term in the New Testament,103 I think it is safe to say its primary emphasis is upon that “knowledge” which is from above, knowledge of Christ, the Gospel, and that which God has revealed, especially as it relates to marriage.104 There are distorted forms of knowledge, but this false knowledge is clearly indicated (Romans 2:20; 1 Timothy 6:20). Likewise, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they may be won without a word by the conduct of their wives, when they see your respectful and pure conduct. We must not allow our position and its authority to harden us so that we become calloused and insensitive to the weaknesses of our wives, for only in recognizing those weaknesses can we respond as we should as servants and minister to those needs. (5) Elsewhere, the goal of submission is the salvation of the one to whom submission is required. If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. The knowledge which should govern the conduct of the Christian husband and wife is not knowledge known to mankind in general. “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. O ‣ When we come to Peter’s words to husbands, there is little common ground between what society expected from Christian husbands and what God required of them. In the Christian faith, the strong employ their strength in such a way as to edify the weak: 14 Now we who are strong ought to bear the weaknesses of those without strength and not [just] please ourselves (Romans 15:1; see also 1 Thessalonians 5:14). To Him [be] the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. One reason this is true is because the wife’s weaknesses may be directed against the husband. Should the husband therefore not be seeking to glorify the wife, even as she seeks to bring glory to him (see also 1 Corinthians 11:2-16, especially verses 7, 15)? 100 Bible Verses about Wifely Duties Titus 2:4-5 ESV / 204 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful And so train the young women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled. But it is very interesting that Paul does not speak of the sexual union between a husband and his wife only in terms of the wife’s submission to her husband, but rather in terms of the mutual submission of both the husband and the wife. In such cases the brother or sister is not enslaved. 99 This first instance in Deuteronomy 25:5 refers to two brothers who live in the same place. Fourth, I define the term “to live together with” as it is employed in the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint). The Sadducees of Jesus’ day (and I suspect many other Jews) thought heaven was going to simply be a continuation of things the way they have been on earth. The example set for all is the Lord Jesus Christ who is the model Suffering Servant (2:21b-25). The Hebrew Bible says nothing about child marriage specifically. The term “weak” is used often of physical sicknesses and infirmities which weaken the body. He is the One who causes us both to “will and to do His good pleasure” (Philippians 2:13). If the responsibility of the wife is to give priority to her inner beauty rather than to outward adornment, it is the husband’s duty to honor his wife, to promote her well-being and praise. He who loves his own wife loves himself; 29 for no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as Christ also [does] the church, 30 because we are members of His body. And God blessed them. In 2 Corinthians 4:7, Paul writes that the treasure of the gospel is contained in “earthen vessels.” Again, he seems to be referring to the human body. These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens. The Bible tells us, “[A woman] is clothed with strength and dignity; she can laugh at the days to come” (Proverbs 31:25). They are to teach what is good, and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled. For all eternity there will be no distinction between slave and free, rich and poor, male and female. In Ephesians 5, the husband is to imitate Christ’s relationship to the church by his relationship to his wife. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross (Philippians 2:4-8). The Daily Study Bible Series. If any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he consents to live with her, she should not divorce him. Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”. In chapter 2, Peter turned our attention to the Lord Jesus Christ as the model servant, whose silent and sacrificial suffering brought about our own salvation. Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. 2 Bear one another’s burdens, and thus fulfill the law of Christ (Galatians 6:1-2). To dishonor someone is to view them as having little, lesser, or no value (see Matthew 5:22; James 2:1-6). Peter has already referred to this in chapter 2, verses 21-25, and points to it by the word “likewise” in 1 Peter 3:7. We are to live together according to knowledge: 9 For this reason also, since the day we heard [of it], we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, 10 so that you may walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, to please [Him] in all respects, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God (Colossians 1:9-10; see Ephesians 4:1-24). And you are envious and cannot obtain; [so] you fight and quarrel. The Bible Speaks Today Series. The Christian husband seeks to discover the weaknesses of his wife, not so that he may use these to his advantage but to employ his strength in compensating for her weakness. It is only through the grace of God in Christ that this can be done. The command to “dwell with their wives” is but the instruction of our Lord as expressed through His apostles. Marriage should be embraced for wise reasons, not foolish ones. ‣ Her husband is known in the gates when he sits among the elders of the land. Q She does him good, and not harm, all the days of her life. Isaiah 62:5 appears to merge the idea of taking a wife and consummating it with a sexual union. For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. Publisher: For you may be sure of this, that everyone who is sexually immoral or impure, or who is covetous (that is, an idolater), has no inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. The goal for the Christian husband’s conduct in relation to his wife is unhindered prayer. C Amen (2 Peter 3:18). What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.” 7 They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE AND SEND [her] AWAY?” 8 He said to them, “Because of your hardness of heart, Moses permitted you to divorce your wives; but from the beginning it has not been this way. The Father is the One who promotes the glory of the Son (see Philippians 2:3-11). Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ. There was therefore no need for Peter to command wives as he does husbands. They feel as if somehow they lose their identity and their freedom if they adhere to some type of outdated standard. The difference was the attitude which motivated this submission and the manner in which this submission was carried out. Let there be no filthiness nor foolish talk nor crude joking, which are out of place, but instead let there be thanksgiving. Elsewhere when children are instructed to obey their parents, parents are likewise exhorted concerning their responsibilities. 3 Let the husband fulfill his duty to his wife, and likewise also the wife to her husband. Cite this page: Editor: Stephen Smith. Christian husbands must look upon their wives in the light of their ultimate possession and their present status as joint heirs of this possession. Likewise, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they may be won without a word by the conduct of their wives. You do not have because you do not ask. It is worthwhile to note that Peter does not precisely define just how the woman is the weaker vessel. What is this knowledge which should govern the way Christian husbands live with their wives? The one who is weak in teaching is most apparent to the one with the gift of teaching. The bodies of a husband and wife belong to each other. Publication date: Dec 27, 2020. Theologians weigh in. (See Ephesians 5:31–33.) Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her. What are you doing, son of my vows? Submission is evidenced when we consider the interests of another more important than self-interest (see Philippians 2:3-8). She makes linen garments and sells them; she delivers sashes to the merchant. ‣ It ought to be approached from a joyous, yet cautiously-solemn, vantage point. I understand Peter’s words to include the sexual dimensions of marriage.106 From the use of this expression (“to dwell together with”) in the Old Testament (Septuagint), I understand Peter to be referring not only to the fact that the husband lives with his wife, but that the husband persists in fulfilling his responsibilities as a husband, which includes the sexual intimacy the husband is expected to maintain with his wife. Geocoding So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation. Let us minister to true needs, to the good of our mate, and to the glory of God. The times when we most need to minister to our wives are those times when we will likely least desire to do so. And so we can see how the husband may be “abused” and in his suffering as a husband may toy with the temptation of giving up or of getting out. Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. pp. I therefore seem to differ with Edmund Clowney’s emphasis, but not in a way that rejects the point he makes: “Does Peter mean knowledge of the wife, or knowledge of God and his calling? What are you doing, son of my womb? 3 Positions on Biblical Marriage. Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness. They seem weaker, and so we bestow greater honor on them. Jesus did not back off when the disciples reasoned this way. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. B I am not even certain that one couple remains. If the husbands are not looked upon as “abused,” why are husbands addressed in this context, with the same term which introduced his instruction to wives (“in the same way,” 3:1)? For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. 7 For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. D Verse 4 says, “The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. From here, Peter goes on to specifically address slaves (2:18-21a) and wives (3:1-6). Further evidence in support of this emphasis on Scriptural knowledge can be seen in Peter’s description of our condition before salvation as being “ignorant:”. She seeks wool and flax, and works with willing hands. Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. The goal of Christ’s suffering was our salvation (1 Peter 2:21-25). The problem is that our fallen nature inclines us to capitalize on our wife’s weaknesses to enhance our own position and power. It simply says that in the Christian marriage, some matters are governed by mutual submission, while others are governed by the submission of the wife to the authority of her husband. This is not to say the relationship between a husband and his wife is entirely governed by mutual submission, so that the headship of the husband over his wife is denied or nullified. I wish that all were as I myself am. I do not think this conforms to the spirit of this text or to Paul’s words in 1 Corinthians 7:5. The roles which husbands and wives are to fulfill in this life will be left behind when we enter into the hope of heaven. 15 For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men. It is also my understanding that Peter is speaking of all the prayers of the husband and the wife—their individual prayers, but most particularly those prayers which they engage in together (see also 1 Corinthians 7:5).109. Peter’s instructions to us as husbands requires that we first have a personal relationship with Him who suffered and died on our behalf (1 Peter 2:21-25). Whether that be of the man or of his wife is a matter of discussion in this particular instance, but it is not crucial for our study. (1 Peter 2:13-17). In the same way, husbands must always treat their wives with consideration in their life together, respecting a woman as one who, though she may be the weaker partner, is equally an heir to the life of grace. The stronger brother honors the weaker brother by refraining from practicing his liberty so that the weaker brother is not made to stumble in his faith. And so let us beware of looking only to our mate to learn what their true needs are. Peter speaks here of the relationship of a Christian husband and his believing wife. Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. 22 Wives, [be subject] to your own husbands, as to the Lord. What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.”, To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. The husband is to honor his wife because she has been divinely appointed to assume the “weaker” role. From the various ways this one verse is translated, we see that those who have studied it do not understand it in exactly the same way. Bible > Topical > Marriage Separation Marriage Separation Jump to: Topical • Library • Subtopics • Resources Topical Bible Verses 1 Corinthians 7:15 But if the unbelieving depart, let him depart. Let her breasts fill you at all times with delight; be intoxicated always in her love. She opens her hand to the poor and reaches out her hands to the needy. ‣ As one looks at the various translations, one sees how much difference there is in the way the expression is understood. Let us seek to minister to true weakness, but let us also remember that this is but one aspect of our responsibility to others. J It certainly can happen, for the Bible indicates the wife can make life miserable for her husband. Husbands, love your wives, and do not be harsh with them. Our strained relationship with a brother must be reconciled before we conduct our worship: 23 “If therefore you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your offering there before the altar, and go your way; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your offering” (Matthew 5:23-24). Do not deprive one another, except perhaps by agreement for a limited time, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control. 12 “For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother’s womb; and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are [also] eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. This term has a broad meaning of “living together with” another, without any marital or sexual connotations (Deuteronomy 25:5a99; 24:1). Generally, the Bible warns against Israelite men marrying foreign women, largely because foreign women will continue to worship foreign gods and lead their husbands astray (as is the case with Solomon). The command to dwell with their wives should be understood in the light of our Lord’s teaching: 3 And [some] Pharisees came to Him, testing Him, and saying, “Is it lawful [for a man] to divorce his wife for any cause at all?” 4 And He answered and said, “Have you not read, that He who created [them] from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE, 5 and said, ‘FOR THIS CAUSE A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER, AND SHALL CLEAVE TO HIS WIFE; AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH’? Honor often has to do with value, but it also has to do with importance. The honoring of one’s wife was foreign to that culture, as it is in our day. Husbands are to view marriage in terms of eternity: 29 But Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, not understanding the Scriptures, or the power of God. 25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her; 26 that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, 27 that He might present to Himself the chu… But if the unbelieving partner separates, let it be so. The government does not define marriage, although its validation of the marriage may be necessary for civil purposes. ‣ For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered (King James Version). Paul does the same thing in Ephesians 5:22-33. Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you, since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and of the love that you have for all the saints, because of the hope laid up for you in heaven. And we urge you, brethren, admonish the unruly, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with all men (1 Thessalonians 5:14). Other revelation regarding Christian marriage which we find in Paul’s first epistle to the Corinthians appears to compliment Peter’s words to husbands in our text. 109 There are those who think it is only the husbands’ prayers which are in view here. 16 Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms [and] hymns [and] spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God. So far as what awaits Christian husbands and wives, there is no difference in heaven. For they say, “His letters are weighty and strong, but his personal presence is unimpressive [literally, weak], and his speech contemptible” (2 Corinthians 10:10). For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. Sixth, I understand the text which most literally translates the original text of 1 Peter 3:7 is the King James Version, which should be outlined as on the following page: Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered. ‣ Some unique features of Peter’s instructions to husbands in verse 7 need to be recognized: (1) This is the only instance in Peter’s discussion of submission thus far in which a reciprocal obligation is specified. Christ’s humbling did not occur when we were “strong,” when we were obedient, but when we were enslaved to sin, helpless and hopeless on our own: 6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. ‣ She considers a field and buys it; with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard. Related Topics: Christian Home, Marriage, Men's Articles, Women, Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M.
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