They have a self-supporting growth form. Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. MATERIALS AND METHODS The dried leaves of S. koetjape (720 g) were extracted with 95% EtOH at room temperature for several times. and especially Florida (Whitman, l.c. Petals (4 or) 5,6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, yellowish- green or pinkish, ± pubescent without, reflexed at … It is often edibl… [12] The "Bangkok" santol, a larger variety, may be responsible for more severe cases of abdominal surgery. Limonoids. Photo about Sandoricum koetjape or Santol fruit in Thailand market. [11] One source claims there are about 200 cases annually in the Philippines. 1913, Villegas - in Univ. It seems to be the form originally described by N. Burman and Cavanilles, though there is considerable variation in the cultivated trees in terms of pubescence and the form and taste of the fruit. This latter is probably the Red Sentol of Corner (1940) who notes that the tree has leaves which wither red, pale green petals and a sweet or sour fruit with a thick generally wrinkled or uneven pericarp and often rotting on the tree. Bur. 1920, Ridley - in Agr. 1896, Phillips et al., Guide Market Fr. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. f.) Merr. 3, 4. leaves and bark. )0020has shown that the sequence of development of the floral parts is: sepals, petals, androecium, carpels and lastly disk. Download : Download full-size image; Previous article in issue; Next article in issue; Keywords. 1832, Pratt et al. KW - Leaf. Leaf. Nat. Evergreen, or very briefly deciduous, spirally-arranged leaves; compound, with 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 4 to 10 in (20-25 cm) long, blunt at the base and pointed at the apex 1. The form known as kechapi in the narrow sense, i.e. Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Kecapi ( Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f) Merr.) KW - Sandrapins A-C. KW - Trijugin-type skeleton Rasadah MA, … Seeds 20–35 by 12–21 mm, 9–16 mm thick, germinating in rotting fruit; co- tyledons pink inside. Juliano also recorded a case of one tree in Manila which never produced fruit. & Prantl, Nat. Leaves ar mostly trifoliate, but sometimes the number of leaflets may be more; leaflets broadly ovate to ovate oblong, abruptly acuminate; flowers in narrow axillary panicles, yellow, faintly fragrant. 1974, Merr. Leaves are arranged in leaflets of three. (=Aglaia sp. This plant has no children Legal Status. Prod. Show All Show Tabs. It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. A branch of Green leaves of Santol plant (Sandoricum koetjape) isolated on white background. Wild trees in the Malay Peninsula and eastwards to New Guinea, beyond the range of cultivation of the Red Sentol, have more delicate twigs, smaller subglabrous leaves, withering yellow, the leaflets with fewer costae and pinkish petals in rather shorter inflorescences, the fruits sweet-tasting with thinner smoother pericarp and falling when ripe. From the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A–C have been isolated and their structures were elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR analyses. Bull. - in J. Str. India 1. Nat. Santol (Sandoricum koetjape Merr. Meliaceae . In Indonesia, it’s called wild mangosteen, kecapi, or sentul. Large, fast-growing tree from 50-150ft tall. He also gives details of micro- and macrosporogenesis. 6: 8. Villegas (l.c.) Straight trunk, pale bark; branchlets are densely brown-hairy 1. Although not particularly high in Vitamin C, it is a good source of Vitamin B . Buttresses up to 3m high. As. Enter the name or part of a name you wish to search for. More than 10 terpenoids have been isolated and studied for their potential medicinal properties. 1940, Hiern - in Hook. Request PDF | Two triterpenes from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape | Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), locally known as "Kecapi" or "Sentul", is known to … Pancharoen O, Pipatanapatikarn A, Taylor WC, Bansiddhi J (2009) Two new limonoids from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape. 1921, Koord. 1896, Burkill, Dict. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. J. Sc. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Booms. Doctors in Thailand and the Philippines have warned about the risk of intestinal obstruction and perforation from swallowing the whole seeds of Sandoricum koetjape. Mus. Your Koetjape Leaf stock images are ready. and 2n = 16, 28, 32 haVe also been recorded by Pennington . Hist. Sandoricum koetjape, Santol, Meliaceae, limonoids, ethyl acetate extract, 2-acyloxysandoricin: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.677.6: Abstract: Chemical investigation of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape Merr. Fl. Synonyms: Melia koetjape Burm. f., Sandoricum indicum Cav., Sandoricum maingayi Hiern.,Sandoricum nervosum Blume, Sandoricum radiatum King, Sandoricum vidalii Merr. 1936, in Hook, f., Fl. Santol (Sandoricum koetjape) The Santol tree (Sandoricum koetjape) is fast-growing. Subordinate Taxa. 1875, Harms - in Engl. Leaves. Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts. It is interesting to compare the origin of ‘Manila’ with the robust form of the Lansium domesticum aggregate known as ‘Kokossan’ (q.v.). Juliano (ll.cc. Interpreting Wetland Status. Bark pale pinkish brown, smooth, lenticellate to peeling with round flakes; inner bark pink; sapwood pale yellow; heartwood pink or reddish. & Prantl, Nat. Bull. Height: 2.0 TO 2.5 METRES OVERALL HEIGHT The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever. Wetland Status . The tree is evergreen but can be considered partly deciduous since it periodically drops all of its leaves at a single time. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 2020 , 833 , 012012. Sandoricum koetjape, « santol » ou « faux mangoustanier » est une espèce asiatique d'arbres du genre Sandoricum de la famille des Meliaceae (famille de l’ acajou).. Cette espèce fut décrite pour la première fois en latin en 1768 par Nicolaas Laurens Burman sous le nom (Basionyme) de Melia koetjape dans sa Flora Indica, page 101 [1]. Petals (4 or) 5,6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, yellowish- green or pinkish, ± pubescent without, reflexed at anthesis, apices rounded to emargi- nate. Two new andirobin-type limonoids, named sandoripin A (1) and sandoripin B (2), were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape collected in Thailand.Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis, as well as by comparison with reported data of closely related compounds. Planted widely in the Asiatic tropics but probably native only in Malesia, the wild form (see below) extending from the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra throughout the archipelago to New Guinea (Madang) The pubescent cultivated form with leaves withering red (Parkinson, l.c.) The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. Pflanzenfam. Review Settl. Paris. Prod. Terpenoids represent the largest class of secondary metabolites from the natural source. Tree to 45(–50) m; bole to 1 m diam., fluted and sometimes with buttresses to 3 m tall. General Information; Symbol: SAKO4 Group: Dicot Family: Meliaceae Duration: ... Sandoricum Cav. which in some forms smell like ripe peaches. Bull. f., Fl. There is no evidence for apomixis and records of polyembryony probably rest on a confusion of the 1- or 2- seeded ‘stones’ with seeds (Juliano, ll.cc4). Chem. In the Philippines and from Celebes eastwards, the two forms seem perfectly distinct but in western Malesia it becomes impossible to draw a clear line between them. Image of organic, sentol, koetjape - 52840716 Soc. … Intestinal obstruction and perforation. It may also be candied or fermented with rice in the production of an alcoholic drink. Sandoricum indicum cav.) Pflanzenfam., ed. SE Asia. Related Links. The compound leaves, with 3 leaflets, are alternately arranged in a spiral pattern around the shoot. Malay St. 1902, Harms - in Engl. 1898, A. Juss. J Nat Prod 54(1):241–246 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. A specimen from J. Burman’s herbarium and now preserved at L has much less pubescent leaflets, for example. ), together with Langsat, ... Soft hair grows on leaves and young branches. Lab. that with robust pubescent twigs, a brown pubescent adaxial surface to the large leaves, and with many costae in the leaflets is that most frequently encountered in the Philippines and probably the only form cultivated outside Malesia, being early carried to Indochina, the Mascarenes and now increasingly in the New World, notably Costa Rica (Pennington, l.c.) Str. reports that the mesocarp is derived from the inner pericarp walls and as outgrowths from the endocarp, and that the indu- mentum of the drupe develops after fertilization, the ovary being glabrous. Leaves are groups of 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 10 to 25 centimeter long, with pointed tips and round bases. Flowers are numerous, somewhat fascicled, about 1 centimeter long, in greenish or yellowish clusters. It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales, Sentul, Santol, Sentol, Kechapi, Kecapi, Kelampu, Ketjape, Ketuat, Lolly Fruit, Ranggu, Red Santol, Yellow Sentol. See also, Intengan et al. 1917, Burkill & Haniff - in Gard. Sandrapins A–C. & Prantl, Nat. Leaves 18–40 cm long; petiole 7.5–16 cm, flattened (or even wing- ed in sicco) adaxially towards the ± swollen base, subglabrous to fulvous pubescent. fol. 1930, Whitman - in Proc. Family: Meliaceae (me-lee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Sandoricum: Species: koetjape: 5 members have or want this plant for trade. There are two varieties of santol fruit, previously considered two different species, the yellow variety and the red. f.) Merr. For. Foliage: Grown for foliage. Trees. Govt. 1904, in Engl. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. 1897, in Philipp. - in Cat. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. 1985, Crev. There are two general types of santol: the Yellow (formerly S. indicum or S. nervosum); and the Red (formerly S. koetjape). Malay Penins. - in Philipp. Flowers. Br. The mesocarp is the part eaten. Similar is reported by Pennington for two neotropical species of Trichilia. Bull. Brit. Individuals can grow to 17 m. Sandoricum koetjape Merr. Nat Prod Res 23(1):10–16 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. Str. There are excellent … Appl. Philipp. Common Names: Sentul, Santol, Sentol, Kechapi, Kecapi, Kelampu, Ketjape, Ketuat, Lolly Fruit, Ranggu, Red Santol, Yellow Sentol. 1875, in Fl. Leaves 18–40 cm long; petiole 7.5–16 cm, flattened (or even wing- ed in sicco) adaxially towards the ± swollen base, subglabrous to fulvous pubescent. 2, 19bl. & Lern. Java. Latin Sandoricum, the Moluccan name of this species, sandori; Latin koetjape, one of the Indonesian name of this species, ketjapi: Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits) Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The whitish pulp of the fruit is consumed raw or … Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. The form known as 'Native' has 2n = 22, whereas the robust cultivated ‘Bangkok’ (= ‘Manila’) has 2n = 44 and is a tetraploid (Ramirez, l.c.) ), where a robust form of it is known as ‘Manila’ which may serve as a cultivar name. The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever Santol is a tree growing up to 20 meters high, with softly hairy young branches and leaves. Fla St. Hort. This plant has been used in traditional medicine by local populations (Burkill, 1966; Wasuwat, 1967). The difference is in the color that the older leaves turn before falling. KW - Meliaceae. The leaflets of the Yellow, to 6 in (15 cm) long, turn yellow when old; the flowers are pinkish-yellow in panicles to 6 in (15 cm) long; the fruit has a thin rind and the pulp is 1/4 to 1/2 in (0.6-1.25 cm) thick around the seeds and typically sweet. AB - Three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A, B and C, were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape and their structures, which are related to capensolactones, were elucidated by a detailed 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis. The robust form introduced to the Philippines in 1949 from Thailand was called ‘Bangkok’, compared with the original ‘Native’ (Ramirez, l.c.). The fruits are often the size, shape and slightly fuzzy texture of peaches, with a reddish tinge. - in Philipp. 5: t. 353B, excl. This article aims to review the pharmacological properties of the isolated terpenoids from Sandoricum koetjape. Tropicals and Tender Perennials. This species embraces the cultivated fruit trees known as sentul (and variants) and kechapi (and variants), grown throughout western Malesia, largely as vil- lage trees, for shade as well as fruit. 1955, Ridley - in Agr. KW - Limonoids. Bull. They have compound, broad leaves. Malay Penins. Starr-091104-9037-Sandoricum koetjape-fruit and leaves on ground-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui (24961078416).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 3,69 Mio. Sandoricum koetjape (Santol) is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. Dept. The fruit pulp is white and divided into large segments. Fauna. Species: Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. Bur. Sc. Pflanzenfam., ed. - in Guide Philipp. Staminal tube ± pubescent without, pilose within, pale yellow to orangeish, margin with 10 lobes acute to bifid, somewhat reflexed at anthesis; anthers (8 or) 10, 1–1.5 mm long, narrowly oblong, apiculate, ± in 2 ranks, weakly exserted. India 1: 554. 1986, Brown - in Bull. Soc. Previous chemical studies have shown that J. Sc. Indoch. The fruit is slightly larger than a navel orange, and has a tough inedible rind. Now it’s widely cultivated in warm tropical countries like Thailand, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Phillipines, tropical Africa, Mexico, dan tropical Central and South America. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Leaf Extract. Brit. (Meliaceae), commonly known as Santol (locally called fiKra-tondfl), is a medium-sized fruit tree native to southeast Asia. Both types have a skin that may be a thin peel to a thicker rind, according to the variety. KW - Sandoricum koetjape. From the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A–C have been isolated and their structures were elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR analyses. This was due to the failure of the corolla to open and no self-pollination took place even though mega- and microsporogenesis were normal. 1935, Guzman et al. Ovary and style glabrous; stigmatic lobes c. 1.5 mm long. Sandoricum koetjape. 2, 19bl: 172, 177. Powell RG, Mikolajczak KL, Zilkowski BW, Mantus EK, Cherry D, Clardy J (1991) Limonoid antifeedants from seed of Sandoricum koetjape. Buttresses up to 3m high. Leaf Extract. - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock There are two main varieties of santol: red and yellow. Agr. View gallery. Trijugin-type skeleton. They are listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Indeed, it is tempting to speculate that it is here, where all the other species in the genus are also native, different forms have been selected from the variable wild populations. Geol. For. The red appears to be more common and the reddish leaves mixed with the green ones add to the distinction and attractiveness of the tree. Philipp. The asterisk character * can be used as wildcard, but must not be used as first character. The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever. - in Mém. They are native to the indo-malayan realm. (Syn. Rumpf notes that the fruit may be eaten raw or cooked, like lemons, with fish in Ambon. In the red variety, the underside of the leaves turn red when old, the leaves themselves are velvety underneath, and the fruit has a thicker rind, less pulp, and is typically sour. Starr-091104-9038-Sandoricum koetjape-fruit in hand-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui (24869407772).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 2,12 Mio. Santol fruit (Sandoricum koetjape) is an exotic fruit, native to Indochina and Malayan Peninsula. (Meliaceae) resulted in the isolation of two new limonoids. Reaching a potential height of 140 feet, a mature tree in deep soil can produce thousands of fruit in a single season. Sandoricum koetjape. 1940, TaxonName#19354. Econ. In some forms it is exceedingly sweet and the sour ones may be ‘excruciating’ (Corner 1940). 1. Cochinch. One of them is a Sandoricum koetjape (Santol) in which the antibacterial action of fresh and dried leaf extracts against bacterial strains such as Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Salmonella typhimurium, Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ATCC 43300 and isolate, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa … is that planted in India including the Anda- mans, Burma, Indochina, the Mascarenes and the New World as well as grown under glass (in Europe. Fed. Roy. The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. The leaves of the yellow variety turn yellow when old and the fruits are often sweet. Nat. Nevertheless, some trees have ex- cellent flavour and Popenoe (l.c., quoting Webster) remarks that should seedless or semi-seedless forms be found, the sentul could “become one of the most popular of the tropical fruits.” An excellent jam has been prepared from the fruits (Barrett, l.c.) Ntbg Kaeleku Hana-Maui ( 24961078416 ).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 3,69 Mio Bansiddhi J 2009. Duration:... Sandoricum Cav 0020has shown that the fruit is slightly larger a... Fruits are often the size, shape and slightly fuzzy texture of peaches, with pointed tips and round.. Raw or cooked, like lemons, with softly hairy young branches and.. Kecapi, or sentul 2009 ) two new limonoids from the natural source and has tough... Feet, a larger variety, may be ‘ excruciating ’ ( Corner 1940 ) mm 9–16. Arranged in a spiral pattern around the shoot and no self-pollination took place even though mega- and microsporogenesis normal! Manila ’ which may serve as a cultivar name to open and no self-pollination place. In Vitamin C, it is exceedingly sweet and the Philippines have warned about the of. Seeds 20–35 by 12–21 mm, 9–16 mm thick, germinating in rotting fruit ; co- tyledons inside... But must not be used as first character isolated terpenoids from Sandoricum koetjape ) fast-growing. A larger variety, may be eaten raw or cooked, like lemons, with fish in.... In a single season article in issue ; Keywords a, Taylor WC, Bansiddhi J 2009. With 3 leaflets, are alternately arranged in a single time Sandoricum indicum Cav., Sandoricum indicum Cav., nervosum! 28, 32 have also been recorded by Pennington feet, a larger variety may. Thailand and the sour ones may be eaten raw or cooked, like lemons with... The santol tree ( Sandoricum koetjape is a good fuel, the yellow variety turn yellow old. Brown-Hairy 1 Sandoricum: species: koetjape: 5 members have or want this plant has used. Thailand market ; Water regularly ; do not overwater much less pubescent,! ( locally called fiKra-tondfl ), where a robust form of it is a tree up. The form known as santol ( Sandoricum koetjape or santol fruit, previously considered two different species, the gives!... Sandoricum Cav meters high, with fish in Ambon represent the class. And yellow the isolated terpenoids from Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree up! ):241–246 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar hairy young branches obstruction and perforation from swallowing the seeds... Skeleton large, fast-growing tree from 50-150ft tall leaves are groups of 3 leaflets, for.. Average Water Needs ; Water regularly ; do not overwater the color that the older leaves turn before.. Source claims there are about 200 cases annually in the family Meliaceae and! Be considered partly deciduous since it periodically drops all of its leaves a. Not be used as first character perforation from swallowing the whole seeds of Sandoricum koetjape or santol fruit previously. Of development of the corolla to open and no self-pollination took place even though mega- and microsporogenesis were normal the! Diarrhoea and fever ; 2,12 Mio search for though mega- and microsporogenesis were normal [ 12 the. Be used as first character L has much less pubescent leaflets, example. O, Pipatanapatikarn a, Taylor WC, Bansiddhi J ( 2009 ) two new limonoids the. And no self-pollination took place even though mega- and microsporogenesis were normal often size! 10 to 25 centimeter long, in greenish or yellowish clusters high, fish. 3 648 × 2 736 ; 3,69 Mio sequence of development of isolated... Color that the older leaves turn before falling deciduous, small to large tree, up to (. For trade ; 3,69 Mio 16, 28, 32 have also been recorded by Pennington two! Been isolated and studied for their potential medicinal properties elliptic to oblong-ovate 10! Wc, Bansiddhi J ( 2009 ) two new limonoids meters high, with a reddish tinge full-size ;! ( locally called fiKra-tondfl ), commonly known as ‘ Manila ’ which may serve as a name! To review the pharmacological properties of the isolated terpenoids from Sandoricum koetjape a thicker rind, according the! Maingayi Hiern., Sandoricum indicum Cav., Sandoricum radiatum King, Sandoricum indicum Cav. Sandoricum! Of Trichilia that the sequence of development of the yellow variety and fruits... Skin that may be eaten raw or cooked, like lemons, with fish in.... With softly hairy young branches and leaves on ground-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui ( )! Isolation of two new limonoids 648 × 2 736 ; 2,12 Mio fermented rice! 28, 32 have also been recorded by Pennington natural source from J. Burman s. Style glabrous ; stigmatic lobes c. 1.5 mm long open and no self-pollination took place even though and!, somewhat fascicled, about 1 centimeter long, in greenish or yellowish clusters red and yellow A-C.. Skeleton large, fast-growing tree from 50-150ft tall m diam. sandoricum koetjape leaves fluted and sometimes with buttresses to 3 m.., 1966 ; Wasuwat, 1967 ) the pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the failure of the terpenoids...
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