Wh… "Here, in the dread tribunal of last resort, valor contended against valor. Thus, the stage was set for the dramatic naval battle of March 9, with crowds of Union and Confederate supporters watching from the decks of nearby vessels and the shores on either side. For two hours the cannonade continued without perceptible damage to either of the combatants.". Commander Wordon (on the Monitor) described his tactics thus: "I had decided how I would fight her in advance. Then the order came, "All save who can." At this point, Buchanan was wounded in the groin, and the Virginia retired for the day. The stalemate was finally broken when Commander Worden of the Monitor was blinded by a shot directly striking his viewing slot in the pilot house. After additional action and reloading, the Monitor’s pilothouse was hit, driving iron splinters into Worden’s eyes. The scene that greeted her crew that evening was horrifying. The temporary withdrawal of the Monitor and subsequent exit of the Merrimac led both ships to believe that their opponents had fled and that they had won the battle. The Union ironclad Monitor, under the command of Lieutenant John Worden, arrived the same night. As it were… It took place from April 6 to April 7, 1862 in southwestern Tennessee. However, the battle was fought between two famous ironclad ships called the Monitor and the Merrimack. . The reason was the comparative one: The Virginia/Merrimac had attacked the Union fleet on March 8, 1862 at Hampton Roads, and sunk the U.S.S. Jones intended to try to sink her as well, but then the Monitor came forward to defend her. The Union had a strategic victory, they prevented further damage to their remaining fleet and View the winners … This book takes a new look at this historic battle. The Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia tried to break the Union navy blockade of Hampton Roads. Shortly after Virginia seceded from the Union in 1861, the Union Navy placed a blockade on Hampton Roads (the area where the James River flows into the Atlantic Ocean). Hampton Roads Winner. As the combat between ironclads was the primary significance of the battle, the general verdict is that the overall result was a draw.All would acknowledge that the Southern fleet inflicted far more dama… The USS Monitor only rose 18 inches above the water. Engineer Ramsay (on the Virginia) described the battle as follows: "And now the great fight was on, a fight the like of which the world had never seen... We hovered about each other in spirals, gradually contracting the circuits until we were within point-blank range, but our shell glanced from the Monitor's turret just as hers did from our sloping sides. Ordered to Hampton Roads, Va., the USS Monitor arrived on the evening of March 8, 1862. The Cumberland began to sink immediately, but her crew continued to fight valiantly (right) for at least forty minutes: "On the doomed ship Cumberland the battle raged with equal fury. Soon after 8:00 am the Virginia opened fire on the Minnesota, and the Monitor appeared. When Greene finally got things under control and had his ship headed back for more, the Confederate ship was already heading home. When the Union Navy learned of this project (by way of some spies) they began work on their own ironclad as quickly as possible. Updates? This effectively left the Confederate capital at Richmond and the main Confederate Navy yard at Norfolk without ocean access. The Confederates began to ferry prisoners and wounded off of the Congress, but Union shore batteries began firing on the Virginia. The victory claims that were made by each side in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Hampton Roads, based as both were on misinterpretations of the opponent's behavior, have been dismissed by present-day historians. They agree that the result of the Monitor–Merrimack encounter was victory for neither. The United States Navy and navies in Europe abandoned the building of wooden ships and began building ironclads, ushering in a new era of iron warships. In … As she tried to escape, the Congress ran aground, but she did not immediately surrender. Although neither ironclad was the winner, but both sides won in different ways. Following the embarrassing rout in the first Battle of Bull Run (also called Manassas), the Union devised a long-term strategy, dubbed the Anaconda Plan, to attack the Confederacy from all sides. Minnesota to run aground. Shiloh Winner. Meanwhile, aboard the Virginia they believed that the Monitor was quitting, and that they had won the battle. This quote illustrates the old Civil War "brother against brother" cliche, since Buchanan knew his brother was serving as paymaster aboard the Congress at the time. During the American Civil War, Hampton Roads was the scene of the battle (March 9, 1862) between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia . Duel of Iron details the battle of Hampton Roads fought on March 8 th and 9 th, 1862. They must look after their own wounded, since they won't let us." This first meeting of two ironclad warships in battle forever changed naval architecture, battle tactics, and the very psychology of the men who served within them. The two ironclads faced off once more, on April 11, 1862, but did not engage, neither being willing to fight on the other’s terms. One of the most famous naval battles of the conflict, the engagement is noteworthy as it marked the first time two armored, ironclad warships met in combat. At the point where the circle impinged upon the Merrimac our guns should be fired, and loaded while we were moving around the circuit. Union General George B. McClellan’s steady advance up the James Peninsula threatened the Confederate capital of Richmond, and … On March 8, 1862 the CSS Virginia was commandeered by Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan to take on the USS Cumberland off the coast of Newport News, Virginia. To counter this blockade, the Confederate Navy at Norfolk began converting the old USS Merrimack into an ironclad, the CSS Virginia. CHESAPEAKE, Va. (WAVY) — The winners of the Chesapeake Regional Health Foundation’s 13th-annual Bra-ha-ha event were announced Friday night. The account of the Battle of Hampton Roads described in the reports favoring prize money left no room for doubt as to the differences between Federal and Confederate forces and who was right and who was wrong. Cumberland and the U.S.S. The prediction that a “single ironclad, in the midst of a hostile wooden fleet, would resemble a … In retaliation, Admiral Buchanan gave this order, "Plug hot shot into her and don't leave her until she's afire. Ironclads battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia . Hampton National Cemetery. With her upper hull cut away and armoured with iron, this 263-foot (80.2-metre) masterpiece of improvisation resembled, according to one contemporary source, “a floating barn roof.” Commanded by Commodore Franklin Buchanan and supported by several other Confederate vessels, the Virginia virtually decimated a Union fleet of wooden warships off Newport News, Virginia, on March 8, destroying the sloop Cumberland and the 50-gun frigate Congress while the frigate Minnesota ran aground. The battle was important for a different reason, though. Years of bureaucratic ineptitude and red tape left the Navy in poor condition. Virginia fought to a draw off Hampton Roads, Virginia. Though the battle between Monitor and the Merrimac had little effect on the outcome of the war, the power and hardiness they displayed at Hampton Roads changed the way ships were built. When this happened, the Monitor immediately sheared away from the battle as the crew moved the injured Commander away from the pilot house. The Monitor—with 16 crewmen—was lost during a gale off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, on December 31, 1862. Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, naval engagement during the American Civil War on March 9, 1862, at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbor at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of naval warfare. The Battle of Hampton Roads Hampton Roads was a peaceful waterway cross-roads prior to the start of the Civil War. Ironclads battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia . She was under the command of Lieutenant John L. Worden. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Union General George B. McClellan’s steady advance up the James Peninsula threatened the Confederate capital of Richmond, and … The Battle of Hampton Roads March 8-9, 1862. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His brother was un-wounded and swam safely to shore, but this story serves as just one stark reminder, among many, of how truly terrible this war was. Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water that serves as a wide channel for the James, Nansemond and Elizabeth rivers between Old Point Comfort and Sewell's Point where the Chesapeake Bay flows into the Atlantic Ocean, and the surrounding metropolitan region located in the Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina portions of the Tidewater region. credit: @NFB22 Seven Days’ Battles (June 25–July 1, 1862), series of American Civil War battles in which a Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee drove back General George B. McClellan’s Union forces and thwarted the Northern attempt to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, also called Battle of Hampton Roads, (March 9, 1862), in the American Civil War, naval engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbour at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of naval warfare. Corrections? The Battle of Hampton Roads was fought March 8-9, 1862, and was part of the American Civil War (1861-1865). The Northern-built Merrimack, a conventional steam frigate, had been salvaged by the Confederates from the Norfolk navy yard and rechristened the Virginia. -Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephan Mallory, to President Jefferson Davis. The ship listed. After asking for the surrender of the USS Cumberland, and being denied, he headed the Virginia straight at her, and rammed her... "There was an ominous pause, then a crash, shaking us all off our feet. The ship sheered into shallow water, and the Virginia, concluding that the enemy was disabled, turned again to attack the Minnesota. Fact #2: The Confederacy had great difficulty in sourcing the iron plating needed for the Virginia. The fleet consisted of 90 warships; of these, 48 ships were out of commission, and the rest, or in reality the ones able to make steam or sail, were showing the flag in foreign seas. -Official resolution of US Congress, thanking Commander Worden and the crew of the USS Monitor for defeating the CSS Virginia (Merrimack). Battle of the Books is the result of collaboration between the Newport News Public Library System and the Williamsburg Regional Library, as well as other library systems in the Hampton Roads area. Monitor positioned herself to protect the immobile Minnesota, and a general battle began. Congress, and caused the U.S.S. The Battle of Hampton Roads was indecisive; neither side was victorious. He would later go on to become Commandant of the Marine Corps. However, the Admiral intended to inflict some real damage, and set about doing so immediately. While the battle was indecisive, it is difficult to exaggerate the profound effect on morale that was produced in both regions. Draw. Two iron clads battled in Hampton Roads, Virginia. Check out my new book of American Civil War Stories! The Battle of Hampton Roads weekend will include family-friendly activities, lectures, tours, hands-on activities, canon firings and re-enactors 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday-Sunday. This Marine participated and saw combat in multiple naval operations during the war including the Battle of the Hatteras Inlet Batteries, Battle of Hampton Roads, Battle of Mobile Bay. I believe you're referring to the legendary Battle of Hampton Roads, between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia. Her crew never had a chance to take her for a test run to get used to the new ship, because they had to set off immediately to defend the blockade at Hampton Roads. The Union side wanted the encounter to take place in the open sea. 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