As of July 2012[update], production was 3 aircraft per month. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, "A380" redirects here. [244] Airbus designed the A380 according to these guidelines,[245][246] and to operate safely on Group V runways and taxiways with a 60 metres (200 ft) loadbearing width. [82], Beginning in 2007 the A380 was considered as a potential replacement for the existing Boeing VC-25 serving as Air Force One presidential transport,[83][84] but in January 2009 EADS declared that they were not going to bid for the contract, as assembling only three planes in the US would not make financial sense. This ship unloads in Bordeaux. In late 2003, Boeing forecast 320 “Boeing 747 and larger” passenger aircraft over 20 years, close to the 298 orders actually placed for the A380 and 747-8 passenger airliners as of March 2020. [332] The same aircraft was then wet-leased to Norwegian to operate its evening London-New York service for several weeks in August 2018, to alleviate availability issues on its Boeing 787s affected by Trent 1000 engine problems;[333] Air Austral also signed a deal to wet-lease an A380 from Hi Fly while one of its 787s is grounded for three months of Trent 1000 inspections. [300] Its maximum takeoff weight would have been increased by 3 t (6,600 lb) to 578 t (1,274,000 lb), allowing it to carry more passengers over the same 8,200 nmi range or increase the range by 300 nm. De cockpit bevat verder acht identieke lcd-schermen van 15 bij 20 cm, die indien nodig, van functie kunnen verwisselen. [365], As of June 2017[update], Emirates has 48 orders outstanding but due to lack of space in Dubai Airport, it deferred 12 deliveries by one year and will not take any in 2019–20 before replacing its early airliners from 2021: there are open production slots in 2019 and Airbus reduced its production rate at 12 per year for 2017–18. It is the world's largest passenger airliner. [321], Airbus consistently forecast 1,400 VLA demand over 20-year, still in 2017, and aimed to secure a 50% share, up to 700 units, but delivered 215 aircraft in 10 years, achieving three produced per month but not the four per month target after the ramp-up to achieve more than 350 and is now declining to 0.5 a month. [344] Hi Fly Malta became the first operator of second-hand A380 (Airbus MSN006, SIA 9V-SKC), which carries the Maltese registration number, 9H-MIP. [229] Airbus has acknowledged that some cabin proposals were unlikely to be installed,[228] and that it was ultimately the airlines' decision how to configure the interior. De verdiepingen worden verbonden door twee trappen, een aan de voorzijde en een aan de achterkant van het toestel. It conducted its second high-altitude test at the same airport in 2009. [42] In 2006, the A380 flew its first high-altitude test at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. [356] EADS explained that deliveries in 2013 were to be slowed temporarily to accommodate replacement of the wing rib brackets where cracks were detected earlier in the existing fleet. [110], In 2010, Airbus announced a new A380 build standard, incorporating a strengthened airframe structure and a 1.5° increase in wing twist. [223][224] The Air Austral's proposed 840 passenger layout has not come to fruition. [238] In late 2008, Emirates introduced "shower spas" in first class on its A380s allowing each first class passenger five minutes of hot water,[239][240] drawing on 2.5 tonnes of water although only 60% of it was used. [312] As many business travellers prefer more choices offered by greater flight frequency achieved by flying any given route multiple times on smaller aircraft, rather than fewer flights on larger planes, United Airlines observed the A380 "just doesn't really work for us". Qantas was de derde maatschappij die de A380 in dienst nam. [363][364] De laatste levering is in 2021 en er worden nog slechts 17 toestellen geproduceerd. Several A380s which are in service have been offered for lease to other airlines. [368] The contract was signed in February 2018, comprising a firm order for 20 A380s and options on 16 more. [311] Emirates' Tim Clark saw a large potential for Asian A380-users, and criticised Airbus' marketing efforts. [39] The wings are manufactured at Broughton in North Wales, then transported by barge to Mostyn docks for ship transport. Airbus A380-800 The basic model. Er wordt bij de productie van de A380 een aantal nieuwe technieken toegepast: Het enige andere vliegtuig, waarmee regelmatig wordt gevlogen en dat groter dan de Airbus 380 is, is het vrachtvliegtuig Antonov An-225. [134] If it had failed to win the Emirates order, Airbus claimed that it was ready to phase out its production gradually as it fulfilled remaining orders until the early 2020s. [214], The cabin has features to reduce traveller fatigue such as a quieter interior and higher pressurisation than previous generations of aircraft; the A380 is pressurised to the equivalent altitude of 1,520 m (5,000 ft) up to 12,000 m (39,000 ft). [44] This plane, equipped with Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engines, flew from Toulouse–Blagnac Airport with a crew of six headed by chief test pilot Jacques Rosay. [358], In late July 2014, Airbus announced that it had terminated five A380 firm orders from the Japanese low-cost carrier, Skymark Airlines, citing concerns over the airline's financial performance. Among other causes is the reluctance of employers to pay for executives to travel in First or Business Class. Then in May 2007, Airbus began marketing a configuration with 30 fewer passengers (525 total in three classes)—traded for 200 nmi (370 km) more range—to better reflect trends in premium-class accommodation. [7] Heathrow's landing charges having a noise component, the A380 is cheaper to land there than a Boeing 777-200 and -300 and it saves $4,300 to $5,200 per landing, or $15.3M to $18.8M of present value over 15 years. Consequently, Dr. Peters recommended to its investors on 28 June 2018 to sell the aircraft parts with VAS Aero Services within two years for US$45 million, quickly for components like the landing gear or the APU. [183] Unlike earlier composite materials, GLARE can be repaired using conventional aluminium repair techniques. [27] In 2004 Airbus estimated that €1.5 billion ($2 billion) would need to be added, totalling the developmental costs to €10.3 billion ($12.7 billion). [370] But is it a plane too far? De eerste testvlucht werd op 27 april 2005 gemaakt, de eerste commerciële vlucht werd tweeënhalf jaar later, op 25 oktober 2007, uitgevoerd. Despite the fact that only two airlines had expressed public interest in purchasing such a plane, Airbus was already pursuing its own large-plane project. Emirates does not need the small front staircase and eleven-abreast economy of the A380plus concept, but wants Airbus to commit to continue production for at least 10 years. [46], On 1 December 2005, the A380 achieved its maximum design speed of Mach 0.96, (its design cruise speed is Mach 0.85) in a shallow dive. Thermoplastics are used in the leading edges of the slats. [287] This statement followed speculation sparked by Airbus CFO Harald Wilhelm that Airbus could possibly axe the A380 ahead of its time due to softening demand. From there, the A380 parts are transported by barge to Langon, and by oversize road convoys to the assembly hall in Toulouse. De A380 is ontworpen om in de zogenaamde '80 meter-box' te passen, en kan in principe op elke startbaan landen die geschikt is voor de Boeing 747-400. Het eerste toestel werd geleverd op 28 juli 2008. De tests met het vliegtuig verliepen naar verluidt zonder problemen, maar de levering van de A380 werd nog eens vanwege problemen met de bekabeling van het toestel uitgesteld. As of November 2018, Air France was planning to return five of its A380s to lessors by the end of 2019 and refurbish its other five with new interiors by 2020 for $51 million per aircraft. [251][252] Runway lighting and signage may need changes to provide clearance to the wings and avoid blast damage from the engines. Het is het grootste luchtwaardige passagiersvliegtuig ter wereld. [90] The first aircraft was sold and leased back by Singapore Airlines in 2007 to Dr. Peters for $197 million. [270], Singapore Airlines describe the A380's landing speed of 130–135 kn (240–250 km/h) as "impressively slow". On 19 December 2000, the supervisory board of newly restructured Airbus voted to launch an €9.5 billion ($10.7 billion) project to build the A3XX, re-designated as A380, with 50 firm orders from six launch customers. De ontwikkeling van dit toestel zou volgens de plannen beginnen zodra de productie van de A380-800 op schema zit. [7]:7 McDonnell Douglas unsuccessfully offered its double-deck MD-12 concept for sale. Emirates does not see any demand in the second-hand market, but is indifferent in that the retired aircraft have already been fully written down and thus have no residual value. [218] A380 economy seats are up to 48 cm (19 in) wide in a 10-abreast configuration,[219] compared with the 10-abreast configuration on the 747-400 that typically has seats 44.5 cm (17.5 in) wide. [241] In addition to lounge areas, some A380 operators have installed amenities consistent with other aircraft in their respective fleets, including self-serve snack bars,[242] premium economy sections,[232] and redesigned business class seating. One occurrence resulted in dropped oxygen masks and an emergency landing. De eerste testvlucht werd op 27 april 2005 gemaakt, de eerste commerciële … It obtained its type certificate from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on 12 December 2006. De nieuwe beheerraad stemde op 19 december 2000 met een programma van 8,8 miljard euro voor het bouwen van de A3XX in, onder de nieuwe naam A380. As they should be parked by June 2018 before reconfiguration, MAS confirmed the plans and will also use them for peak periods to high traffic markets like London.[328]. First of all the Boeing 747-8i has a typical seating capacity of 410. Airbus cited as underlying causes the complexity of the cabin wiring (98,000 wires and 40,000 connectors), its concurrent design and production, the high degree of customisation for each airline, and failures of configuration management and change control. It was chosen because the number 8 resembles the double-deck cross section, and is a lucky number in some Asian countries where the aircraft was being marketed. It was promised to offer unparalleled comfort with lower operating costs, over similar hub-and-spoke routes that the 747 monopolised over its [then] 35 year reign as the Queen of the Skies. [7]:19 The A3XX was pitted against the VLCT study and Boeing's own New Large Aircraft successor to the 747. 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