The first Estes Valley settlers in the early 1860's found a moderately abundant mule deer numbers. NPS. A new state amendment gives Utah wildlife managers broader control over killing black bear, mountain lions and other predators to save Mule Deer. Deer are often the victims of various types of predator out there in the wild. Mule Deer vs. the predator, What happening? Mule deer are prey for many large predators of western North America. Mule Deer History. 3. Factors affecting mule deer populations. They’ll go head-to-head during the pre-rut and the rut. As the other food sources for those canines become scarce, it is more and more common for them to go after deer. Do mule deer have a good sense of smell? A growing population of people, predators and the often harsh elements took huge numbers of the animals. Formidable Prey – A healthy adult mule deer is a tough adversary. Habitat of the Mule Deer A Little History. Mule deer bucks can be called in much like whitetails.The two species share a common ancestry, so despite varying appearances they speak the same language. Its basic biology, a predator that kills and eats its prey impacts that animal and may to some extent impact the population of an area. The effect of predator removal on ungulate and, more specifically, mule deer {Odocoileus hemionus) populations has not heen adequately investigated at a management Predators rarely attempt to attack adult deer, but prefer to hunt old, young, or sick animals. However, As such, it favors munching on various deer species, such as the white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, even the moose. In today’s age, one might think we have a handle on the predator-prey relationship of the mule deer and their many enemies. Predators can have a limiting or regulating e˚ect on mule deer populations. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. However, predator-prey dynamics are complex and the effect on prey populations is often an interaction of predator life history, climate, prey density, and hahitat quality. Mule deer can detect slight predator movement up to 600 meters away, but they are not very good at detecting motionless forms. Posted August 2, 2011 by manager. Mule deer populations are calculated by Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists through 945 miles of aerial transects and 393 miles of spotlight surveys. While there are many predators working against mule deer, their age-old enemies of the coyote, bobcat, mountain lion and wolf have mule deer on guard from the moment they’re born. By Todd A. Drought, habitat degradation, reproduction, water distribution, and predator density are factors affecting mule deer … This species’ most common predators are cougars, coyotes, and gray wolves. Canines are a big problem for deer due to the fact that so many of them are found in the same types of environments. 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