Christian missionaries devote time, energy and billions of dollars to helping African children orphaned by the AIDS epidemic. Growing up with missions education changed my worldview, taught me the grand narrative of … A Christian mission is an organized effort to spread Christianity to new converts. As a member of the Church of England, it interests me to see echoes of Christian educational efforts by organizations such as Compassion Canada in the educational efforts of the missionary branch of the Anglican Church, the Church Missionary Society, or CMS. Learn How to Order Essay Online. In addition, while missionaries did run many academic primary schools, they provided little secondary education, a practice which prevented natives from becoming “too educated” (Ayandele 1966:286) and potentially subversive. Furthermore, mission schools discouraged traditional ways of life outside of the classroom. �B��8$c�y��;�����(��X+M�x�{|�k�B֪��x������8 ���T��}`:6=�nd�v��t�ׄ�s�k"�B&b�c`�ɋ�44}�����K��)UQ�8��b|Iu�F� H�d�`�����IYG4�S� �H�y�|K&��Hc�ZD[�;Sӎ��5�_ �?~F�x ��������25��C����s��lI��}4��aG��n� The Missionaries strategies were changed as they got feedback while achieving their goals. This is probably one of the most common types of missionary work. THE ROLE OF MISSIONARIES. Agricultural school graduates did not compete with European industries or European farmers, as they mainly grew crops that could not be grown in European climates. In order to compete with the missionaries, indigenous religions began to print religious texts and educate people to resist Christianity. The reservation of high-level positions in the colonial administrations for Europeans and the corresponding mission education that provided education fit only for lower positions meant that the withdrawal of European rule could cause serious political instability in the newly independent colonies. Christian missionaries were crucial to the development of formal education throughout much of the world, including East Asia. The latter, non-academic form of education provided by the missions has stimulated much interest among scholars, who are particularly interested in the failure of many of these schools and the hypocritical government support for the schools, seeing as the import of cheap goods from the mother countries caused many vocational school graduates, such as seamstresses, to be unemployed (Ayandele 1966:296; Foster 1965:134). As a mission school graduate noted, “local history was almost totally ignored. Not only did mission education strengthen colonial rule, but it also weakened traditional societies and implemented poor standards of Western education. For this reason, missionaries believed they were doing their students a favour by discouraging traditional practices and promoting Western ones. These children are our future. Thus by training Africans to fill only the lower levels of the colonial administration and providing skilled workers from the vocational and agricultural schools who contributed to the economy and were less likely to question colonial rule than more educated Africans, mission schools helped to strengthen colonial rule. I need solid main ideas and sources to back it up. Missionaries also trained manpower through the introduction of farming education which was used by colonialists to exploit the land. The Missionary education was The legacy of Christian missionaries in Africa lives up to this day. After a time the idea becomes ingrained -it is heathen and unchristian to be an African culturally” (Awori cited in Berman 1974:536). The missionaries believed that “in order to stabilize the faith of converts and to assist in character development, it was necessary that they should be able to read the scriptures or other books of religious instruction, translated by the missions. A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to promote their faith or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development. The missionary impact on education would have far-reaching consequences, as their creation of a weak basis of education would slow down the political and educational development of many former colonies in Africa. Cultural deprivation is what many of us suffer from […]. << Christianity was introduced in North Africa as early as the first century AD., but it was only in the late nineteenth century, when colonialism was advancing, that Christianity seriously increased its presence on the continent (Ray, 1976: 193). By clicking “Proceed”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. Last, missionaries provided a very poor education, causing their students to be ill-equipped for social or material success, as they believed education to simply be a means for proselytization, were unqualified teachers, and allowed inter-denominational rivalries to interfere. Competition improved conditions for everyone. S upporting the idea of missions and individual missionaries is important because it is God’s plan in this world to establish new churches and bring new believers to Christ through the work of missions. To this day schools set up by missionaries continue to play a pivotal role in the education of children in southern Africa. effects of missionaries in East Africa They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. Furthermore, each denomination had differing policies on education, so standards in education fluctuated across each colony, depending on what denomination had schools in each area. In short, the impact of teaching in the vernacular was more negative than positive, as it reinforced colonial rule and no doubt did very little to preserve native cultural identities, seeing as missionaries promoted European languages as “superior” and only used the vernacular because conversion and religious instruction were such high priorities. Using this essay writing service is legal and is not prohibited by any university/college policies. Education Decreases Poverty. As Ayandele points out (1966:285), “the ideal of many of the missions was to make their converts …live literally as the ‘unlearned and ignorant’ apostles of old.” This ideal, combined with the fact that many missionaries discovered that Africans with only basic education were best at spreading the Gospel, meant that missionaries were reluctant to provide higher primary or secondary education (Ayandele 1966:286). On the one hand they were driven by a strong desire to genuinely serve humanity and bring about material and social changes which would improve its quality of life. Missionaries came to the colonies with a high degree of experience in working in schools in their homelands. For instance, in Nigeria in 2006, approximately only 51.2% of primary school teachers of either gender were trained as teachers, and the enrolment rate in primary education for both genders in 2000 stood at about 62.7%, compared to 99.5% in Canada (UN Data 2010). Moreover, it was not in the colonial power’s interest for the natives to become too educated, as they might become self-reliant and could conceivably demand independence from the colonial power, so encouraging the less intellectual agricultural schools was in the governments’ interest. Not only does it prepare someone to rise above poverty and avoid exploitation, but education also empowers people to live up to their highest potential as followers of Christ. When we think of missionaries and mission movements we often think of foreign works; however, missions is something that can be done in your own home town. Every society has a history that will shape the present and future circumstances of its people and development. The agricultural schools the missions ran would have been even more advantageous to the colonial governments considering the discouragement of local industries that might have competed with the motherland. /F2 9 0 R Various reasons motivated missionaries to provide education. One of the missions’ most important contributions to the colonial regimes was their role in educating the native Africans. - it was the missionaries who provided Christianity and education; these gave Africans access to the ideas and ideologies in western societies. This report maps the types of personal and structural discrimination that young children of immigrants may experience at school, and the consequences for children, their families, and schools. Innovative Impact Investing in Education, featuring Beth Bray of the Walton Family Foundation, and Holiday Hart McKiernan of Lumina Foundation, addresses the following topics: Why and how foundations with education missions << It was a word created to have only positive impacts. David Livingstone was a Scottish … This involved learning to read in the vernacular” (Hadfield cited in Bone 1969:7). Although those are different aspects of children ministries, it’s more the process of loving children as Christ did.As Jesus said:God’s heart went out to the children, just as ours should. Some earlier scholarship on mission education has taken this as a positive impact of the missionaries. Mission schools provided a steady stream of educated Africans capable of filling the lower levels of the colonial administration and operated vocational and agricultural schools (Ayandele 1966: 295; Foster 1965: 90-91; Sheffield 1973: 10-11). /Font << Alvyn Austin, Saving China: Canadian Missionaries in the Middle Kingdom 1888-1959 (1986); Ruth Complon Brouwer, New Women for God: Canadian Presbyterian Women and India Missions, 1876-1914 (1990); Robert Choquette, The Oblate Assault on Canada's Northwest (1995); Raymond Huel, Proclaiming the Gospel to the Indians and Métis (1996); Martha McCarthy, … It was a special day and, as one of them pointed out, likely my last day of pheasant hunting. Although it can be said that Christian missionaries benefitted Africans by bringing in the “more advanced” Western education to the European colonies in Africa, it is believed that the mission schools in fact had a negative impact on the native peoples. For instance the scholar E.A. Given their priorities, it should thus come as little surprise that missions often provided poor education to the African pupils. The missionaries also arranged with Government but both of them had different educational strategies and aims. As much as the governments liked to assign blame to the missions, they were also accountable for the poor education through their educational policies. Therefore, whether through their rigid educational polices or lack thereof, colonial governments contributed to the poor education, though there is no denying that missionaries also contributed to the quality of education to a great extent. >> Abstract. %PDF-1.5 Volunteers and donors to organizations such as Compassion Canada believe that they are being humanitarian when they build schools in Africa, volunteer as teachers or “help” in other ways to improve the quality of education in African nations, yet missionaries and colonial governments were similarly lauded as performing a “great work of humanity” (Beck 1966:117) and likewise believed that they were “helping” their African pupils. The home page of Compassion Canada is that of a stereotypical Northern charity: showing pictures of suffering children alternating with those of post-intervention, happy children. >> Copyright © 2020 CustomWritings. Christian missionaries have done much good throughout the world. The academic education purposely did not train Africans for the higher level positions of colonial administrations, which were mostly reserved for Europeans (Ayandele 1966:295; Sheffield 1973:42), a practise which created dependency on the colonizers, as without them the colony did not have qualified administrators. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] Jim Elliot (1927-1956) From an early age Jim Elliot learned the Bible and used it to lead his daily life. Catechists were also trained who helped in the spread of Christianity for example, in Uganda by 1911 many people had been converted and many cathedrals and churches were built like the Kikuyu churches (Charismatic Arathi or spirit churches.) Through missions education, they can grow up consistently hearing about God’s love for his people, his redemptive plan for us, and how we are significantly involved in this mission to glorify God. We’ll occasionally send you promo and account related emails. ���"���8�j�C�� Most people from Africa, Asia and South America, live in the aftermath of colonialism, while others, for example the Indigenous Peoples of North America, Australia, New Zealand, Latin and Central America still live in colonial bondage. Therefore, considering that the impact of mission education continues to have serious repercussions today, one must question whether the First World should continue to interfere in African education. The case Woodberry makes is … ‘Properly’ meant by Anglo-Saxon standards. David Livingstone: Missionary, Abolitionist, and Explorer to Africa. (15). Our wide-ranging programs adapt to accommodate the shifting needs of our community. These attempts were traumatic for the students and threatened the survival of unique cultures. However the superficial motivations and ideologies have changed, at the most basic level both contemporary Northern charities and nineteenth century missionaries share the belief that the North must come and “save” the suffering natives, which in the case of the missionaries, has been proven to have inflicted more harm than provided relief. /Length 2395 However, the motivation behind teaching Africans basic literacy and mathematics might not have been a cause for concern if not for the fact that the religious motivation curtailed education. All rights reserved. Nevertheless missionary education has been credited to have established schools in African continent that educated nuportant personalities in Africa like Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Kenneth Kaundo of zambia Ben Kiwanuka of Uganda, Dr. Milton Obote of Uganda, Jorno Kiuyatta of Kenya etc, who led the 1960's Nationalistic movements that assisted in the attainment of africa independence … It was only looking after the weaknesses of traditional indigenous education did the missionaries conclude that Africans were uneducated. Qualified missionaries are sent to work at and teach in these schools. In short, it was a very successful mission in making us little black Anglo-Saxon Protestants. Each form of education had its own strengths and weaknesses. … Further Reading. >> While colonial administration in colonies such as Kenya attempted to some degree to provide training for Kenyans to fill the high-level positions (Sheffield 1973:86), the attempts in many cases fell short, and when the European administration left, Kenya, for instance, had few sufficiently educated replacements (Sheffield 1973:88). It is interesting to note that while in many ways missionaries sought to isolate students from their cultures, missionaries often insisted in teaching in the native languages. The weakening of traditional societies was not simply a consequence of the efforts of missionaries but one of their main objectives, stemming from their belief in the “civilizing mission.” Supporters of the “civilizing mission” believed that European colonial enterprises were justified as the Europeans were imparting their “superior” Western culture and ideas to the ignorant heathens of Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australasia. First, missions saw education foremost as a means of conversion (Ayandele 1966: 286; Bassey 1991: 36; Berman 1974:527; Foster 1965:85; Sheffield 1973:11). Employment, career, etc are possible only if education is present in the equation. cited in Miran 2002:128). These were means necessary for Africans to develop the so-called ‘secondary’ forms of resistance that would eventually bring independence and majority rule in Africa and South Africa. One method of discouraging traditional practices was to give students a fully Western education. 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