The following year, however, he died after accidentally falling down the stone stairs of his observatory at Purana Qila, which led to the quip, "He stumbled out of life as he had stumbled through it.". Gascoigne, Bamber. The tomb, designed by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, was the … He became a pioneer of modern science fiction in Bangladesh and a voice … The body of the emperor was buried in two different locations before being transported to Humayun’s tomb. MUSLIMS There has been an ongoing controversy for many decades regarding the ways in which Islam entered Indian civilization and culture. Like his father, he was free from sectarian bigotry and had little ill-will toward the Shia's. □. In 1530, while on his deathbed at Agra, Babur named Humayan his successor. His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.. Military campaigns. An excellent example of Mughal Architecture in India, Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi, was built in 16th century and is visited by millions of national and … The Hindustan (India), which Babur had bequeathed to Humayun was a magnificent but shaky inheritance. Following Chausa, the Muslim Sher Shah drove the Moghul Humayun to the west, defeating him again at Kanauj on the Ganges River in April 1540. It was to consist of a magnificent palace of seven stories, surrounded by delightful gardens and orchards of such elegance and beauty that its fame might draw the people from the remotest parts of the world. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. When Islam Shah died in 1553, the Afghan Empire was well on its way to decay. Humayun wanted to recreate the system, maintaining Sher Shah's village and district administration, while dividing the domain into provinces, each with its own capital. ." But Sher Shah's son, Islam Shah could not keep his Afghan nobles in check. Made by a Wife for her Husband. Humayun had brought about his own downfall. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Humayun-Mughal-emperor. 2. Among the first six Great Moghuls, the image of Humayun is that of the nonentity, the one obvious failure. GUJARAT A state in western India, Gujarat in 2001 had a population of 50.6 million and an area of 75,700 square miles (196,000 sq. Here are thirteen unknown facts about the legendary writer to remember him once again. Humayun's other brother Askari would also be sent to Mecca, while an Afghan would kill Hindal. "Humayun A landmark in the development of Mughal architecture, Humāyūn’s Tomb was commissioned in 1569, after the The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum, in 1558, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian architects chosen by her. 22 Dec. 2020 . HUMAYUN (1508–1556), Mughal emperor (1530–1540, 1555–1556). His father gave him military training and appointed him governor of Badakhashan at the age of 20.He proved his bravery as a young governor and fought at … ." Humayun served as governor of Kabul for his father, returning to India shortly before Babur's death. The loss of Kabul and Qandahar deprived Humayun of the most important recruiting grounds for the Moghul army. place of birth. The Indo-Persian contact, which Humayan stimulated and reinforced, was of far-reaching consequence in the history of Indian civilization. The Mughal Empire was run by an emperor who had absolute authority. After Though on the defensive, Humayun managed to introduce some reforms. That same year, Sher Khan invaded and captured Bengal. Eraly, Abraham. In one significant battle, Humayan defeated Hamid Khan, an Afghan chief. The Moghul Empire. Though Humayun managed to oust Sher Shah temporarily from Bengal's capital of Gaur, he was soon trapped by the monsoon and lost part of his army to bad weather before facing defeat by Sher Shah's cleverly deployed force at Chausa in 1539. After the death of Sher Shah in May 1545, his son Islam Shah Sur ruled until 1553. 22 Dec. 2020 . ." Humāyūn, also called Nāṣir al-Dīn Muḥammad, (born March 6, 1508, Kabul [Afghanistan]—died January 1556, Delhi [India]), second Mughal ruler of India, who was more an adventurer than a consolidator of his empire. . Taking advantage of civil wars among the descendants of Shēr Shah, Humāyūn captured Lahore (now in Pakistan) in February 1555, and, after defeating Sikandar Sūr, the rebel Afghan governor of the Punjab, at Sirhind, he recovered Delhi and Agra that July. He isn’t only an ace performer on screen but he is also a really talented and intelligent producer who is heading not one but two leading production houses in the country. . . © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. After 1536, Sher Shah claimed the resourceful and wealthy province of Bengal. Humayun learned Turki, Arabic, and Persian. His father was … Aesthetically inclined, he undertook in the early years of his reign, the building of a new "asylum of the wise and intelligent persons." It was a city in Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan. Here his valuable manuscripts were kept in safe custody; here Mir Sayyid Ali taught drawing to Akbar. But when, after long months of idleness, he at last assembled his army for a new campaign, it was not for the reconquest of the west, but to break the continually rising power and the dangerous ambitions of Sher Shah in the east. Still surrounded by Afghan enemies, the supporters of the Sur dynasty, he had recovered only part of his dominion. Thi…, Humboldt and Bonpland's Landmark Expedition to the Spanish Colonies of South America (1799-1804), Humboldt State University: Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/humayun, https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/humayun, Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire (Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries). Encyclopedia of India. Humāyūn was fatally injured by falling down the staircase of his library. While all around there was frequent strife, its governor maintained Qandahar as the undisputed base of Moghul operations. Eventually, Humayan would conquer his brothers. Babur was born in Andijan. Humayun's Tomb has been labeled as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1993. It was also the first structure to "Humayun Here are four interesting facts about Humayun Saeed you may not know. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Encyclopedia of India. Two days later, in the words of historian Lane-Poole, he "tumbled out of life as he had tumbled through it." Humayan would live to regret it. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was to be called Din-panah (Asylum of Faith). "Humayun Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad (Persian: نصیرالدین محمد‎, romanized: Nasīr-ad-Dīn Muhammad; 6 March 1508 – 27 January 1556), better known by his regnal name, Humayun (Persian: همایون‎, romanized: Humāyūn), was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556. Reaching Iran in 1544, Humāyūn was granted military aid by Shah Ṭahmāsp and went on to conquer (in what is now Afghanistan) Kandahār (1545) and to seize Kabul three times from his own disloyal brother, Kāmrān, the final time being in 1550. Humayun had shown little determination in bringing down his greatest rival. He became the Mughal emperor at the age of 23. Jahangir (AD 1605-1627) Fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir. He was impetuous as well as indecisive. Nasir uddin Muhammad Humayun was the second Mughal emperor who ruled from 1530–1540. 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